Word-Order as a Cohesive Device

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The paper explores deviations from the basic grammatical linear distribution of clause elements (SVOMPT) which serve the purpose of strengthening cohesive links within the text. The cohesive function of word-order does not operate in isolation but typically complements other means of cohesion, such as reference, substitution, etc., and consists particularly in creating smooth transitions between separate structural units within the text and in signalling the FSP of the text. The paper also attempts to account for some of the differences in the application of the cohesive function of word-order in written and spoken language, respectively. These differences are mainly due to the absence of prosodic indicators in written language: as a result, a deviation from the regular word-order in written language often indicates a distribution of FSP roles different from that suggested by the semantic and the contextual factors. On the other hand, in spoken language, this signalling function of word-order is rendered less prominent by intonation, since the placement of the intonation nucleus alone unambiguously marks the focus of information, irrespective of its position in the sentence.